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Thursday, August 30, 2007

Symptom of Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy is characterized by three major types; Spastic cerebral palsy, Athetotic or Dyskinetic cerebral palsy and Ataxic cerebral palsy. The signs and symptoms of Cerebral Palsy may be mild or subtle or quite obvious, Each type of cerebral palsy typically produces a distinctive set of symptoms, although some children have signs and symptoms of more than one type of cerebral palsy, which may be referred to as a mixed form of the condition.

  • Symptom of Spastic Cerebral Palsy

  • Symptom of spastic cerebral palsy is characterized by hyperactive deep tendon reflexes, increased stretch reflexes, rapid alternating muscle contraction and relaxation, muscle weakness, underdevelopment of affected limbs, muscle contraction in response to manipulation, and a tendency to contractures. In the most severe cases, all four limbs and the trunk are affected (spastic quadriplegia).

    Typically, symptom of spastic cerebral palsy on the child are walks on his toes with a scissors gait, crossing one foot in front of the other, unable to maintain balance or walk.

  • Symptom of Athetotic or Dyskinetic Cerebral Palsy

  • About 10 percent to 20 percent of childrens who diagnosed as cerebral palsy type athetotic or dyskinetic, they has symptom such as uncontrolled, writhing movements of the hands, feet, arms, or legs (athetosis). The child also may have abrupt, irregular, jerky movements (chorea), a combination (choreoathetosis), or slow rhythmic movements with muscle tone abnormalities and abnormal postures (dystonia).

    Other symptom from this type is involuntary facial movements, causing grimacing and/or drooling. So, When the muscles that control speech are affected, the children experiences dysarthria (abnormal pronunciation of speech). These athetoid movements become more severe during stress, decrease with relaxation, and disappear entirely during sleep.

  • Symptom of Ataxic cerebral palsy

  • This type characterized by disturbed balance, incoordination (especially of the arms), hypoactive reflexes, nystagmus, muscle weakness, tremor (also intention tremor), lack of leg movement during infancy, and a wide gait as the child begins to walk. This form affects about 5 percent to 10 percent of cerebral palsy cases.

    Children who has cerebral palsy with type ataxic may has symptom such as walk with their feet far apart and may have difficulty doing precise tasks such as picking up an object or slipping a button into a buttonhole (buttoning a shirt, ect).

    Some of children with cerebral palsy may have signs and symptoms of more than one type of cerebral palsy from three forms listed above, which may be referred to as a mixed form of the condition.


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